Terms of use: Girls in STEM Toolkit

Last updated: 9 February 2023

The Girls in Stem Toolkit website (the GiST website) is funded by the Australian Government Department of Industry, Science and Resources and managed by Education Services Australia Limited (ESA).

Use of the GiST website is subject to the Terms of Use set out below. Please read and ensure you understand these Terms of Use prior to using the GiST website. If you proceed to use the GiST website, your use will be taken as acceptance of these Terms of Use.

ESA may amend these Terms of Use from time to time. You are responsible for regularly reviewing them. Your continued use of the GiST website constitutes your agreement to the most up-to-date version of the Terms of Use at any given time.

Please note that no legal relationship is created between ESA and any GiST website user.

Ownership and use of ESA material

Unless indicated otherwise:

  • all intellectual property rights (including copyright) in the material on the GiST website are owned by ESA; and
  • all ESA material may be used, reproduced, published and modified for non-commercial educational purposes.

Material not available under the licence described above

The permission to use ESA material above does not apply to:

  • any logos including the GiST logo, the ESA logo or the Australian Government Department of Industry, Science and Resources logo;
  • any other material protected by a trade mark;
  • the design of the GiST website; and
  • certain third-party material (where specified).

Third-party material made available under a Creative Commons licence

Some third-party material may be made available for use under a Creative Commons licence. Please refer to relevant use statements about specific material, and links to relevant Creative Commons licences on the GiST website where the relevant third-party material appears.

Third-party material not available under a Creative Commons licence

Some third-party material may be made available for use other than under a Creative Commons licence. Please refer to relevant use statements about specific material, and links to relevant licences on the GiST website where the relevant third-party material appears. Any third-party material that is not indicated as being made available under a specific licence may be used, reproduced, published and modified for non-commercial educational purposes.

Third-party material acknowledgements


  • ‘Fill-time and gender share’: Source – Department of Employment, Skills, Small and Family Business, joboutlook.gov.au. Based on ABS Census 2016, customised report.
  • ‘Future growth source’: Source – Department of Employment, Skills, Small and Family Business, joboutlook.gov.au. 2018 Employment projections for the five years to 2023.
  • ‘Weekly pay source’: Source – Department of Employment, Skills, Small and Family Business, joboutlook.gov.au. ABS survey of employee earnings and hours (cat. no. 6306.0), May 2018, customised report. Median weekly total cash earnings for full-time non-managerial employees paid at the adult rate. Earnings are before tax and include amounts salary sacrificed. These figures should be used as a guide only, not to determine a wage rate.


  • Adjanie Patabendige: Courtesy of Adjanie Patabendige
  • Alana Barber: Courtesy of Alana Barber
  • Alison Harcourt: Courtesy of Gavin Blue Photography
  • Alpine skiing: Martin Rulsch, Wikimedia CommonsCC BY-SA 4.0
  • Amy Vickers: Courtesy of Amy Vickers
  • App design: FirmBee/Pixabay
  • Architect house: Chickenonline/Pixabay
  • Asha Rao: Courtesy of Asha Rao
  • Astronaut Bruce McCandless II: NASA/ Wikimedia Commons, CC0
  • Australian blue-banded bee on purple flower: Louise Docker/Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 2.0
  • Baby tree frog: David Clode on Unsplash
  • Basket of fruit: LBeddoe/Shutterstock.com
  • Bee: renee.hawk/Flickr, CC BY-ND
  • Bee-keeping: Annie Spratt on Unsplash
  • Bee keepers looking at frames: Pass the Honey on Unsplash
  • Bees: PollyDot/Pixabay
  • Belize Barrier Reef: dronepicr/Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 2.0
  • Bianca Capra: Courtesy of Bianca Capra
  • Bicycle rack attached to building: Potasmic/Wikimedia Commons, CC0
  • Black kite: Antje Schultner/Flickr, CC BY-SA
  • Book shelf: Udo/Flickr, CC BY 2.0
  • Box net: Courtesy of Mel Isaaks
  • Brain illustration: ElisaRiva/Pixabay
  • Brisbane flood aerial view: Brisbane/Shutterstock.com
  • Bronwyn Evans: Courtesy of Engineers Australia
  • Build a sandcastle video: Jennifer Rossen
  • Building a camp: micromonkey/AdobeStock
  • Capt. Louise Farrell: Courtesy of Capt. Louise Farrell
  • Car crash: Pixel-mixer/Pixabay
  • Car-shaped bicycle rack: Susan Yin/Wikimedia Commons, CC0
  • Carpenter bee: USGS Bee Inventory and Monitoring Lab/Flickr
  • Cecilia Villacorta-Rath: Courtesy of Cecilia Villacorta-Rath
  • Chameleon: Bergadder/Pixabay
  • Chanute’s biplane gliding machine: Anonymous/Wikimedia Commons, CC0
  • Cheryl Praeger: Courtesy of John Henstridge
  • Climate change protest: Bob Blob on Unsplash
  • Close-up of a dog: Salem Eames licensed under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/deed.en
  • Colletid bee: K Walker/Museum Victoria, CC BY 3.0 AU
  • Corroboree Park, Ainslie, ACT: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en
  • Creek and old-growth forest: Nickpdx/Wikimedia Commons
  • Crocodile eye: Angelo_Giordano/Pixabay
  • CSIRO student working with viruses: Frank Flipp/CSIRO, CC BY 3.0
  • Donut: Dave Crosby/Flickr, CC BY-SA
  • Drawing of a spiral cage to separate different types of waste: licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike 3.0
  • Drilled holes: Pixabay/Pexels
  • Drone against pink sky: StockSnap/Pixabay
  • Drone against orange sky: Pexels
  • Elizabeth Scott: Courtesy of Elizabeth Scott
  • Ellen Kuhl: CC0
  • Emergency shelter: Kordoz/Dreamstime.com
  • Engineer near wind turbine: BBSTUDIOPHOTO/Shutterstock.com
  • Euploea core: Ajith Kumar/Flickr, CC BY
  • Extracting medicine from a bottle in a laboratory: Eva Plevier/Stocksy United
  • Fixed bollard bicycle stand: Jeroen Hoek/Wikimedia Commons, CC0
  • Flavia Tata Nardini: Courtesy of Flavia Tata Nardini
  • Florence McKenzie: Wikimedia Commons, Public Domain
  • Flowerpots and stacked wood: Pxhere
  • Flowers in greenhouse: Ken/Flickr, CC BY SA 2.0
  • Flying fish: Theron Trowbridge/Flickr, CC BY-ND
  • Foxbat with baby: Paul Hocksenar/Flickr, CC BY-NC-SA
  • Garden beds and shed: Jeremy Levine/Flickr, CC BY 2.0
  • Gecko paw: Skitterphoto/Pixabay
  • Graduation caps: McElspeth/Pixabay
  • Grass footprints: ElisaRiva/Pixabay
  • Growing veggies: Urban Sprouts/Flickr, CC BY 2.0
  • Hands holding smart phones: terimakasih0/Pixabay
  • Hand touching wheat in field: Tymur Khakimov
  • Hang glider illustration: OpenClipart-Vectors/Pixabay
  • Hanging bikes: Singlespeedfahrer/Wikimedia Commons, CC0
  • Harriet Hunt: Courtesy of Harriet Hunt
  • Hayley Moulds: Courtesy of Hayley Moulds
  • Hologram and tablet: Jackie Child
  • Hologram: Jackie Child
  • Honey bee anatomy: © Arizona Board of Regents/ASU Ask A Biologist. https://askabiologist.asu.eduInsectenhotel: Max Pixel
  • Houses destroyed by January 2021 Kwinana bushfire in Postans, WA: Calistemon licensed under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/deed.en
  • Ivy vine: MabelAmber/Pixabay
  • Jane MacMaster: Courtesy of Jane MacMaster
  • Janice Vaz: Courtesy of Janice Vaz
  • Jesse May Licot: Courtesy of Jesse May Licot
  • Jessica Dennien: Courtesy of Jessica Dennien
  • Jo Withford: Courtesy of Jo Withford
  • Karlie Noon: © University of NSW
  • Kat Duncan: Courtesy of Kat Duncan
  • Kathryn Gledhill-Tucker: Courtesy of Kathryn Gledhill-Tucker
  • Kellee Reissinger: Courtesy of Kellee Reissinger
  • Kirsten Banks: Courtesy of Kirsten Banks
  • Kylie Walker: Arek Rainczuk
  • Laura Shakespeare: Courtesy of Laura Shakespeare
  • Lauren Wright: Courtesy of Lauren Wright
  • Leopard seal: J.HINKE/NOAA, image collected pursuant to MMPA permit NO.16472
  • Lidia Matesic: Courtesy of Lidia Matesic
  • Lieutenant Kate Cox: Courtesy of Lieutenant Kate Cox
  • Lilium static demonstrator: Matti Blume/Wikimedia Commons, CC0
  • Lisa Gershwin: © Linda Thomas
  • Lyn Beazley: Courtesy of Lyn Beazley
  • Maintenance robot arm: Jester-Flim/Shutterstock.com
  • Maithili Sashindranath: Courtesy of Maithili Sashindranath
  • Major Krystal Wright: Courtesy of Major Krystal Wright
  • Male and female balance scale: ArtsyBee/Pixabay
  • Male hydrotaea species: gailhampshire/Flickr, CC BY
  • Map of earth's average seasonal temperature range: Robert A Rohde/Berkeley Earth, CC0
  • Marita Cheng: Courtesy of Marita Cheng
  • Marlee Hutton: Courtesy of Marlee Hutton
  • Medical 3D printing: UCL Engineering/Flickr, CC BY-SA
  • Meter boxes: geralt/Pixabay
  • Meter in garden bed: Sergeyussr/Dreamstime.com
  • Michele Thums: Courtesy of Michele Thums
  • Michelle Ta: Courtesy of Michelle Ta
  • Michelle Y. Simmons: Courtesy of Michelle Y. Simmons
  • Mouse trap: Pearson Scott Foresman/Wikimedia Commons, CC0
  • Mug: Niki Odolphie/Wikimedia Commons, CC BY
  • One up one down bicycle rack: Roland Tanglao/Wikimedia Commons, CC0
  • Orange spherical dessert: Lisa Brewster licensed under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/deed.en
  • Panorama view of sunrise: cb_travel/Shutterstock.com
  • Paper plane: RegiegeigeR/Wikimedia Commons, CC0
  • Platypus: Klaus/Flickr, CC BY-SA
  • Playground: Scott Beale
  • Perforated wood: Max Pixel
  • Pinwheel spinner against sky: ChadoNihi/ Pixabay
  • Photographie Nadar: Honoré Daumier/Brooklyn Museum/Wikimedia Commons
  • Pong: Sharon Drumond licensed under Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)
  • Pot noodle on beach: Peter Kohler, The Plastic Tide
  • Pride and prejudice map: Nation, Genre, Gender SNA Project by Gerardine Meaney, Derek Greene, Karen Wade, Maria Mulvany, Siobhan Grayson and Jennie Rothwell, CC BY-NC
  • Professor Veena Sahajwalla: Courtesy of The University of New South Wales.
  • Rachael Quirk: Courtesy of Rachael Quirk
  • Raffaella Demichelis: Courtesy of Raffaella Demichelis
  • Rain on gutter: sandid/Pixabay
  • Red pen on paper: 3844328/Pixabay
  • River sand: oldTor/Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND
  • Rocket experiment: NSW Department of Education/CC BY 4.0
  • Sabrina Fossette: Courtesy Sabrina Fossette
  • Sand bubbler crab: John Turnball/Flickr, CC BY-NC-SA
  • Sandcastle: Antti/Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND
  • Sand under the microscope: MicroScopers
  • Scarlet dragonfly: Esin Üstün/Flickr, CC BY
  • Sketch of girl with set square: findjeannie/Pixabay
  • Solar challenge race car: Geoff Whalan/Flickr, CC BY NC ND 2.0
  • Solar cooking: Erik Burton/Flickr, CC BY 2.0
  • Solar panels: Skeeze/Pixabay
  • Sonia Shah: Courtesy of Sonia Shah
  • Sophia Frentz: Courtesy of Sophia Frentz
  • Spaceship illustration: Clker-Free-Vector-Images/Pixabay
  • Spiral bicycle rack: Wiki Farazi/Wikimedia Commons, CC0
  • Stacey Ross: Courtesy of Stacey Ross
  • Stacked wood with drill holes and arrows: Pxhere
  • Student building a robotic part: Gorodenkoff/Shutterstock.com. For non-commercial educational use only.
  • Student making 3D model in printer: © Alto Images/Stocksy United
  • Sugarbag bee: Graham Wise/Wikipedia, CC BY 2.0
  • Sugar gliders: Figaro/Wikimedia Commons, CC0
  • Sugar gliders: Arnold T Schwartzenglider/Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND
  • Supermarket shelves: igorovsyannykov/Pixabay
  • Tamarah King, Earthquake Geologist: Fabian Prideaux
  • Tambuka'ka Flying Lizard Draco volans: Richard Parker/Flickr, CC BY-ND-SA
  • Tanya Monro: Courtesy of Tanya Monro
  • Tap: Maksym Kozlenko/Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA
  • Teacher with a group of university students in a laboratory classroom: Istock.com/Solstock
  • Teachers constructing a paper tower: Swee Oon/Flickr, CC BY-NC 2.0 DEED
  • Teddy bear bee: Louise Docker/Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 2.0
  • Turtle in sand: Thomas Shahan/Flickr, CC BY NC 2.0
  • Turtle under water: Thomas Shahan/Flickr, CC BY NC 2.0
  • Turtle with GPS tracker: USFWS Photo/Alamy Stock Photo
  • Vanessa Robins: Courtesy of Lucy Robins
  • Water surface: pixel2013/Pixabay
  • Wendy Wright: Courtesy of Wendy Wright
  • Wind farm: Pexels/Pixabay
  • Whales: Dr. Louis M. Herman/Wikimedia commons
  • Woman in workshop using a 3d printer: Carlo Amoruso/Stocksy United
  • Woman taking a photo of a turtle with a smartphone: FWC Photo by David Williams , Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
  • Working at a solar farm installation: iStock.com/Thurtell
  • World's tallest sandcastle: Guiness World Records
  • YouTube still: kalpavriksha/YouTube


  • ‘Facts about native bees’: Used with permission
  • ‘New drone? Rules apply when you fly’: Civil Aviation Safety Authority
  • ‘Professor Emma Johnston’: Professor Emma Johnston AO and Coast Australia
  • ‘What is a Scientific Illustrator?’: in situ SCIENCE
  • ‘What is science capital?’: Used with the kind permission of BP www.BP.com/uk and Cognitive www.wearecognitive.com
  • ‘Why we need women in STEM/Dean of Engineering’: Monash University, https://lens.monash.edu

Licence fees not payable to statutory agencies

Where you use material on the GiST website in accordance with these Terms of Use, you do not need to comply with the requirements of any statutory licence (for example, pay royalties to a copyright collecting society such as the Copyright Agency for that material).

Links to third-party websites

The GiST website contains links to third-party websites not controlled by ESA. Links to third-party websites are provided for convenience only and ESA is not responsible for the material on them or the ability to use or not use, them. You acknowledge and agree that your use of third-party websites is governed by the terms of use on that website and is at your own risk. It is your responsibility to read and comply with any terms of use and legal notices that apply to third-party websites. Please contact ESA at [email protected] if you wish to raise any concerns regarding a linked third-party website.

GiST Webinars

Unless indicated otherwise:

  • intellectual property rights subsisting in any GiST Webinar are owned by ESA;
  • subject to compliance with these GiST Terms of Use, you may watch and share with teaching staff within your school this GiST Webinar for non-commercial education purposes only provided you acknowledge ESA as the source;
  • you must not share or post the URL and/or password for this GiST Webinar electronically or in hardcopy where it may be seen or accessed by anyone other than teaching staff within your school; or modify or alter this GiST Webinar. If you wish to use this GiST Webinar in any other way you must seek the prior written permission of ESA. Requests and inquiries should be emailed to [email protected].

Disclaimer and liability

The material on the GiST website is provided for your information only and you are responsible for ensuring that the material is current, complete and accurate before using it.

ESA has compiled the material on the GiST website in good faith and has endeavoured to ensure that all material is accurate and does not breach any entity’s rights at the time of its inclusion. However, the material may contain unintentional errors and is provided ‘as is’.

To the extent lawful, ESA:

  • excludes all warranties in respect of the GiST website and its content;
  • is not liable for any loss or damage, however caused, resulting from the use or inability to use the GiST website or caused to your computer or any other property as a result of your use of the GiST website; and
  • will not be liable for any damages arising from the use of or inability to use the GiST website or any content available on it.

You acknowledge and agree that your access to, and use of, the GiST website is at your own risk. Where liability cannot be excluded, the entire liability of ESA and your exclusive remedy, is resupply of the GiST website and/or its content.


The GiST website uses the internet to provide services and information. By using the GiST website you acknowledge and agree to accept all risks associated with using the internet, including potential exposure to harmful code which may affect your device.

Whilst ESA aims to maintain the security of all of its systems, ESA does not warrant or guarantee the security of the GiST website. You are responsible for the security of your device including the data stored on it and for ensuring that your device has up-to-date software to detect and manage the threat posed by harmful code.

Contacting ESA

Requests and enquiries concerning these Terms of Use should be directed to:

Education Services Australia
[email protected]
Tel: (03) 9207 9600

If your query is about how particular material on the GiST website may be used, contact [email protected]

Governing Law

These terms of use are governed by the laws of Victoria, Australia.